This page presents a summary of all available Pilot Ratings Program flights. Please click on the name of a flight (in the left-most column of the table) to view the training materials associated with the flight. For example, a pilot wishing to begin with PRP VFR 1 should click on the "VFR 1" link under "VFR Flights Index".

VFR Flights Index
Flight
Name Summary
VFR 1 The Traffic Pattern In this flight, you will complete a minimum of three laps of the VFR traffic pattern at Nantucket Airport (KACK) in a small, non-jet, general aviation aircraft (e.g., Cessna 172). Before flying, ensure you have the airport diagram for KACK and that the weather is suitable for a VFR flight.
VFR 2 VFR Navigation and Flight Following In this second PRP VFR rating, it's time to fly somewhere! You will put the skills learned in the previous flight about the traffic pattern to work on a VFR flight from Nantucket Airport (KACK) to the Quonset State Airport (KOQU). In the process, you will learn about obtaining Flight Following, selecting an appropriate VFR cruise altitude for your direction of flight, and will also brush up on your exits and entries of the traffic pattern.
VFR 3 Entering Class B Airspace This VFR rating flight will take you from Quonset State Airport (KOQU) to Boston Airport (KBOS). The key difference between this and the previous rating is that you will not be receiving flight following while en-route. Air traffic control will provide services at KOQU and KBOS, but nothing in between. Therefore, you'll learn about the different types of airspaces, what the requirements to enter them are, and when you are required to talk to ATC.
VFR 4 Exiting Class B Airspace This PRP flight travels from Boston Airport (KBOS) to Nashua Airport (KASH) without Flight Following, much like PRP VFR 3. The last flight focused on entry to the Class B airspace; in this one, you'll exit the airspace. Overall, this flight serves as an excellent review of the material covered so far in the Pilot Ratings Program.
VFR 5 The Cross Country Flight One of the key stages on the journey towards a private pilot’s license a 'cross country' flight, designed to help pilots practice enroute VFR navigation. In this rating, you will depart Nashua Airport (KASH) and fly to two other airports of your choosing, provided that one is controlled and the other is uncontrolled. You’ll be responsible for conducting most of the flight planning on your own to ensure that you fully grasp necessary VFR concepts prior to beginning the PRP IFR series.
VFR 6
Boston Class B Helicopter Routes The final VFR flight in the Pilot Ratings Program takes you from Nashua Airport (KASH) back to Boston Airport (KBOS) using a published helicopter route to transition into the Class B airspace. Contrary to their name, helicopter routes at Boston can also be used by fixed-wing aircraft and are an excellent way of navigating through the complicated Class B airspace.
IFR Flights Index
Flight
Name Summary
IFR 1 Introduction to IFR In this introduction to Instrument Flight Rules (IFR), you will depart and arrive at Boston Airport (KBOS) using a Standard Instrument Departure (SID) and an Instrument Landing System (ILS) approach. The focus of this rating is on proper compliance with the Logan Eight departure procedure, listening and responding to ATC instructions, and flying the ILS approach successfully.
IFR 2 VOR Navigation The second IFR rating is a short hop from Boston Airport (KBOS) to Providence Airport (KPVD). It expands on the concepts from PRP IFR 1 and introduces VOR navigation and TEC routes. Additionally, you'll fly an ILS approach at KPVD to further hone your instrument approach skills.
IFR 3 Airways This flight will take you from Providence Airport (KPVD) to Martha's Vineyard Airport (KMVY) using the published TEC route, which includes the V167 airway. Weather permitting, you will receive a visual approach at KMVY.
IFR 4 Airway and TEC Route Review This flight reviews the concepts of VOR navigation, TEC routes, and IFR flight that have been introduced in the previous IFR ratings. You will be responsible for identifying and flying the appropriate TEC route from Martha's Vineyard Airport (KMVY) to Albany Airport (KALB). This route includes several waypoints and airways and offers ample opportunity for to practice VOR navigation.
IFR 5 The Standard Terminal Arrival Route (STAR) This rating introduces IFR pilots to a Standard Terminal Arrival Route (STAR): the GDM4 arrival. During the flight, expect to fly the the FAA preferred low-altitude, non-RNAV route from Albany Airport (KALB) to Boston Airport (KBOS) and receive vectors for an ILS or visual approach. Enjoy radar vectors while they last: this is one of the last ratings in the program where you'll get vectors to final!
IFR 6
Full Approaches and Untowered Airports PRP IFR 6 takes you from Boston Airport (KBOS) to Dillant-Hopkins Airport (KEEN) and introduces the concept of full approaches. Unlike previous ratings where ATC has done most of the work to line you up with the runway, in this flight you will navigate from the filed route to the final approach course without receiving vectors from ATC. This is the first flight in the IFR series that visits an uncontrolled airport and overall is significantly more complex than any previous rating, so read the briefing material thoroughly before flying!
IFR 7 Non-Precision Approaches This flight introduces you to the proper procedures for departing IFR from an uncontrolled airport and for flying non-precision approaches. You will fly the TEC route between Dillant-Hopkins Airport (KEEN) and Hartford Airport (KHFD) and receive vectors for the LDA runway 2 approach at KHFD.
IFR 8 Full ILS Approaches Without Course Reversals
This flight takes you from Hartford Airport (KHFD) to Laconia Airport (KLCI) for another full ILS approach, this time without flying a procedure turn or course reversal. Little new information is covered in this rating. Instead, you'll reinforce the multitude of skills taught in PRP IFR 6 and 7.
IFR 9 Obstacle Departure Procedures and Circling Approaches This rating takes you from Laconia Airport (KLCI) to Bangor Airport (KBGR) and introduces published obstacle departure procedure (ODPs) as a way of safely navigating away from uncontrolled airports. At KBGR, you will fly your first approach that is not assigned to a specific runway as well as learn about using procedure turns for the purpose of course reversal.
IFR 10 Backcourse Approaches and NDB Navigation This rating takes you from Bangor Airport (KBGR) to Bar Harbor Airport (KBHB) and focuses on flying a back course approach and NDB navigation. While both the Surry NDB and localizer back course approach at KBHB have been decommissioned in the real world, they offer good opportunity to practice procedures that are in use in other parts of the country.
IFR 11 IFR Checkride PRP IFR 11, one of the most challenging flights in the program, focuses on some lesser used, but still important, IFR techniques. It will take you from Bar Harbor Airport (KBHB) to Augusta Airport (KAUG), and then on to Portland Airport (KPWM) as you learn about pop-up IFR clearances, DME arcs, and missed approaches.
IFR 12
Non-Precision Approaches with CDFA In addition to offering a review of non-precision approaches, this flight introduces the continuous descent final approach (CDFA) technique for flying approaches without vertical guidance. You will fly from Portland Airport (KPWM) to Sanford Airport (KSFM) and will have the option of practicing the CDFA technique using anon-precision approach of your choosing.
IFR 13 Missed Approach and Holding Pattern Entries This flight focuses on FAA-recommended hold procedures and offers additional practice flying approaches in bad weather. It will take you from Sanford Airport (KSFM) to Bedford Airport (KBED); there is no published TEC route, so you will also gain experience researching and selecting an appropriate route.
IFR 14
Introduction to RNAV and the FMC This flight gives an introduction to the modern navigational capabilities provided by a Flight Management Computer (FMC). While flying from Bedford Airport (KBED) to Burlington Airport (KBTV), you will learn about basic concepts behind RNAV, including RNAV airways and RNAV approaches.
IFR 15
High-Altitude Airways and the RNP Approach This flight from Burlington (KBTV) to Syracuse (KSYR) offers an opportunity for high airway routing and introduces the concepts associated with the flight level (FL) and when to set the altimeter to 29.92. The flight also introduces the Required Navigation Performance (RNP) approach.
IFR 16
RNAV Arrivals, Holds, and the CDFA This flight from Syracuse Airport (KSYR) to Boston Airport (KBOS) introduces the RNAV arrival, which includes “descend via” clearances and runway transitions. An ATC-assigned hold during the arrival will give you practice on setting up a holding pattern in the FMC.
IFR 17
RNAV Departures, Hold Entries, Missed Approaches, and CPDLC PRP IFR 17 takes you from Boston Airport (KBOS) to Rutland Airport (KRUT) to introduce the RNAV departure and discusses the concept of Controller-Pilot Datalink Communications (CPDLC). The approach at KRUT is an RNAV full approach with a hold-in-lieu-of-procedure turn, as well as a missed approach with an RNAV hold. This flight also provides more practice flying RNAV holds using the FMC.
IFR 18
Introduction to RNAV Terminal Arrival Areas (TAA) This flight from Rutland Airport (KRUT) to Presque Isle Airport (KPQI) gives you the chance to fly a longer route at high altitudes. At KPQI, ATC will issue a clearance for an RNAV approach using procedures for a Terminal Arrival Area (TAA).
IFR 19
VOR Approaches Using GPS This flight from Presque Isle (KPQI) to Lebanon (KLEB) demonstrates how to fly a VOR full approach using a GPS or FMC. The approach also serves as an introduction to circling to land in mountainous terrain.
IFR 20
Charted Visual Approach Procedures Charted Visual Flight Procedures (CVFPs) are the focus on this final PRP flight. You will travel from Lebanon Airport (KLEB) to Nantucket Airport (KACK) and fly either of the CVFPs at KACK: the Great Point Visual Runway 24 approach or the Tuckernuck Visual Runway 6 approach. In either case, you'll be required to use a mix of visual and instrument references.
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